TF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment for children and adults impacted by trauma. It is a components-based treatment model that incorporates trauma-sensitive interventions with cognitive behavioral, and humanistic principles and techniques.
TF-CBT has proved successful with children and adults who have significant emotional problems (symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, fear, anxiety, or depression) related to traumatic life events. It can be used with anyone who has experienced a single trauma or multiple traumas in their lives.
Children and Adults who have the following symptoms benefit from this therapeutic approach:
- direct experiences and witness to extreme exposure of adverse events,
- childhood toxic stress,
- distressing dreams,
- distress from triggers,
- feeling detached from others,
- bed wetting
- angry outbursts toward family members/friends/teachers/co-workers
- bursts of anger/ tantrums,
- low mood and self-esteem,
- lack of motivation and feelings of loneliness
TF-CBT uses exposure principles and cognitive-restructuring techniques that are specific to the traumatic experience. Exposure involves gradually introducing individuals to reminders of the trauma that may be tangible, such as places or people, or specific memories of traumatic events.